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Adoption Definition - What is Adoption

Adoption Definition - What is Adoption


Adoption Definition - What is Adoption?

by Jean Rennick

Making the decision to adopt a child is one of the most important parenting decisions you'll make. And it may also be one of the most difficult. When considering adoption, you need to consider several emotional, physical and legal issues.

The adoption process can be so complex, that some people are turned off the idea. But, with the right information, the adoption process doesn't have to seem insurmountable. One part of the right information, is understanding adoption, and the adoption process.

A broad definition of adoption is as follows: "Adoption is a legal process that creates a permanent relationship between a couple, or a single adult, and a child." In most cases, a childless couple is paired with an orphan -- a child without parents, and much of the adoption process is concerned with creating suitable matches.

Adoption is a legal process. Because of this, there is more to it than simply matching suitable adoptors and adoptees. Adoptive parents are given parental rights and responibilities for the adopted child, and the child receives the legal, emotional and socials rights of a natural family member.

When the process of adoption is complete, the adopted child has the same rights as a biological child, including the legal rights of inheritance.

To finalize an adoption, court proceedings are required. As part of these court hearings, the court must identify the biological parents of the potential adoptee. This is done, in part, to assure that the adoption is fair and lawful, and capable of withstanding any external conflicts.

The circumstances of the adoption, and the state's laws, can both have an impact on identifying the child's biological parents. When a ward of the court is involved, the parental rights of the biological parents have already been terminated by the court, and there is therefore no difficulty with identifying and protecting the biological parents' rights.

When the biological parent is a single teenage mother, often the court proceedings to terminate her parental rights occur at the same time as the adoption is being finalized.

In the process of adoption finalization, the family court judge reviews all the gathered information about the child, their biological parents, and the adoptive parents. This information can include:

* the home study results

* and evaluation and assessment of the adoptive parents, identifying their ability to take custody of the child

* reports, if available, from pre-adoption counseling

* the adoption caseworkers notes and recommendations

as well as other information requested by the judge.

The adoption proceedings are usually attended by the following people:

* the adoptive parents with their adoption attorney

* the biological parent(s) and their adoption attorney

* the child being adopted

* the adoptive child's legal advocate

* the child's caseworker

* the caseworker(s) for the adoptive and biological parents.

After reviewing all of the provided information, a decision on the adoption petition is rendered by the judge. If the judge approves, the adoption is finalized, and a legal Adoption Decree is issued by the courts.

About the Author:
If you are considering adoption, or know someone who is, visit Adoption.2byt.com for additional articles and information about the process, the difficulties and the unending rewards of adoption. Don't reprint this exact article. Instead, reprint a free unique content version of this same article.

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