A Guide To The 401k Rollover
A Guide To The 401k Rollover
by Jessica Haug
The 401k investment plan is a common scheme in the United States and the 401k rollover is a large part of the plan. This scheme allows an employee to direct a part of their salary into a pension fund which they can then cash in upon retirement. The additional benefit of this is that the employer can also make contributions to this plan and it is tax-free. But what happens if you change jobs? This is where the 401k rollover comes into play.
There are several ways to handle a 401k rollover. The first choice is to transfer the existing funds into an IRA (Individual Retirement Account). This can be done by the administration department of your previous employer who send the money straight into the retirement account. The money is not taken out by you and so you will not receive any penalties or have to pay tax.
If you have stocks in your last employer's company your contributions can be handled one of two ways. The first is that you can transfer the stocks directly into your Individual Retirement Account without the stocks being liquidated. The second option is that you sell the stocks and pay the rollover into your account within a 60 day period. If you fail to place the cash in the account within the 60 days then you will have to pay tax on it.
Alternatively you can move your exiting 401k plan to your new employer, if they accept the 401k rollover. This only usually works if you have a new job before you leave your old one. Take the time to check out the new employer's investment options to decide if this is the best option for you.
Finally, you could end your plan and cash in the funds from your 401k. This may result in you receiving less than you might think. Early withdrawal can mean that you have to pay income tax and an early withdrawal fee of as much as 10%. Employers are also obliged to hold 20% of the funds for tax reasons.
There are many more freelancers and self employed workers than there were in previous years, Many do not think that they are eligible for a pension plan but 401k does have a plan that it suitable for these occupations.
This plan, known as 401k (Solo) is not a well-known scheme but it has many benefits. Firstly you can contribute up to 100% of the first $15,500 in a year. You can then make contributions or deduct payment up to 25% over this initial amount. If you reach the cap amount of $225,000 in one year, it may be best to change self employed retirement plans as you cannot accrue any more savings after this threshold is reached. Another advantage of the 401k(Solo) is that you can pay less or nothing in the lean years. You can also borrow money from you account which does not count as a withdrawal which means there are no penalties.
Changing your job is a daunting task but make sure that you check out all of the 401k rollover options and decide which is the correct one for you. If you are unsure you can approach the professionals to help you make your choice.
About the Author:
No site but Plan401kRetirement.com gives you all the tips and info on 401k rollover and related subjects. Whether you are a newbie or an expert, make sure to check out self employed retirement plans by following the links above !
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